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计算机网络实验与学习指导——基于Cisco Packet Tracer模拟器(第2版)
作   译   者:叶阿勇 等 出 版 日 期:2017-11-01
出   版   社:电子工业出版社 维   护   人:刘小琳 
书   代   号:G0329140 I S B N:9787121329142

图书简介:

本选题基于Cisco Packet Tracer网络仿真软件,并依据TCP/IP协议的分层模型进行实验设计。本书第一章介绍了Packet Tracer6.0使用指南,第二至六章给出了相关实验,依次为数据链路层实验、网络层协议实验、传输层实...
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    图书详情

    ISBN:9787121329142

    开 本:16开

    印 张:15.25

    版 次:01-01

    页 数:244

    字 数:298.0

    内容简介

    本选题基于Cisco Packet Tracer网络仿真软件,并依据TCP/IP协议的分层模型进行实验设计。本书第一章介绍了Packet Tracer6.0使用指南,第二至六章给出了相关实验,依次为数据链路层实验、网络层协议实验、传输层实验、应用层实验、网络安全实验及综合实验。其中,每部分实验包括背景知识、实验目的、实验配置说明、实验步骤,以及相关的思考题。

    本书目录

    第1 章 Packet Tracer 6.2 使用指南 ······························································ 1
    1.1 Packet Tracer 6.2 概述 ······································································· 1
    1.2 Packet Tracer 6.2 操作界面 ······························································· 1
    1.2.1 菜单栏 ···················································································· 2
    1.2.2 拓扑工作区 ············································································ 4
    1.2.3 设备列表区 ············································································ 5
    1.3 使用Packet Tracer 6.2 搭建网络拓扑 ·············································· 6
    1.3.1 添加网络设备 ········································································ 6
    1.3.2 添加设备模块 ········································································ 8
    1.3.3 连接网络设备 ······································································ 10
    1.4 使用Packet Tracer 配置网络 ························································· 12
    1.4.1 图形化配置界面配置网络设备 ··········································· 13
    1.4.2 命令行接口CLI ··································································· 14
    1.4.3 PC 的配置 ············································································ 18
    1.5 使用Packet Tracer 进行协议分析 ················································· 19
    1.5.1 Packet Tracer 操作模式 ······················································· 19
    1.5.2 添加PDU ············································································· 22
    1.5.3 查看协议数据包 ··································································· 23
    第2 章 数据链路层实验 ·············································································· 25
    2.1 实验一:PPP 与PPPoE 学习 ························································· 25
    2.1.1 背景知识 ·············································································· 25
    2.1.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 27
    2.1.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 27
    2.1.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 28
    2.1.5 思考题 ·················································································· 34
    2.2 实验二:以太网帧的封装实验 ······················································ 34
    2.2.1 背景知识 ·············································································· 34
    2.2.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 36
    2.2.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 36
    2.2.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 37
    2.2.5 思考题 ·················································································· 39
    2.3 实验三:集线器与交换机的对比实验 ·········································· 39
    2.3.1 背景知识 ·············································································· 39
    2.3.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 40
    2.3.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 41
    2.3.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 42
    2.3.5 思考题 ·················································································· 45
    2.4 实验四:交换机工作原理 ······························································ 46
    2.4.1 背景知识 ·············································································· 46
    2.4.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 47
    2.4.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 47
    2.4.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 48
    2.4.5 思考题 ·················································································· 51
    2.5 实验五:生成树协议(STP)分析 ··············································· 51
    2.5.1 背景知识 ·············································································· 51
    2.5.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 52
    2.5.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 52
    2.5.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 53
    2.5.5 思考题 ·················································································· 58
    2.6 实验六:虚拟局域网(VLAN)工作原理 ··································· 58
    2.6.1 背景知识 ·············································································· 58
    2.6.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 59
    2.6.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 59
    2.6.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 60
    2.6.5 思考题 ·················································································· 65
    2.7 实验七:无线局域网的帧封装实验 ·············································· 65
    2.7.1 背景知识 ·············································································· 65
    2.7.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 66
    2.7.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 67
    2.7.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 67
    2.7.5 思考题 ·················································································· 68
    第3 章 网络层协议实验 ·············································································· 69
    3.1 实验一 :IP 分析 ··········································································· 69
    3.1.1 IP 简介 ·················································································· 69
    3.1.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 71
    3.1.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 71
    3.1.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 72
    3.1.5 思考题 ·················································································· 76
    3.2 实验二:IP 地址实验 ····································································· 76
    3.2.1 IP 地址简介 ·········································································· 76
    3.2.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 77
    3.2.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 78
    3.2.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 78
    3.2.5 思考题 ·················································································· 81
    3.3 实验三:APR 分析 ········································································· 82
    3.3.1 ARP 简介 ············································································· 82
    3.3.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 82
    3.3.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 83
    3.3.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 83
    3.3.5 思考题 ·················································································· 85
    3.4 实验四:ICMP 分析 ······································································· 85
    3.4.1 ICMP 协议简介 ···································································· 85
    3.4.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 87
    3.4.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 87
    3.4.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 87
    3.4.5 思考题 ·················································································· 89
    3.5 实验五:直连路由与静态路由 ······················································ 90
    3.5.1 路由知识 ·············································································· 90
    3.5.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 91
    3.5.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 91
    3.5.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 92
    3.5.5 思考题 ·················································································· 95
    3.6 实验六:RIP 协议分析 ·································································· 95
    3.6.1 RIP 协议简介 ······································································· 95
    3.6.2 实验目的 ·············································································· 97
    3.6.3 实验配置说明 ······································································ 97
    3.6.4 实验步骤 ·············································································· 97
    3.6.5 思考题 ·················································································· 99
    3.7 实验七:OSPF 协议分析 ······························································· 99
    3.7.1 OSPF 协议简介 ···································································· 99
    3.7.2 实验目的 ············································································ 101
    3.7.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 101
    3.7.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 101
    3.7.5 思考题 ················································································ 103
    3.8 实验八:VPN 与NAT 协议分析 ················································· 103
    3.8.1 背景知识 ············································································ 103
    3.8.2 实验目的 ············································································ 105
    3.8.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 105
    3.8.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 106
    3.8.5 思考题 ················································································ 107
    3.9 实验九:IPv6 协议分析 ······························································· 107
    3.9.1 IPv6 简介 ············································································ 107
    3.9.2 实验目的 ············································································ 109
    3.9.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 109
    3.9.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 111
    3.9.5 思考题 ················································································ 113
    第4 章 运输层协议实验 ············································································ 114
    4.1 实验一:运输层端口观察实验 ···················································· 114
    4.1.1 背景知识 ············································································ 114
    4.1.2 实验目的 ············································································ 115
    4.1.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 115
    4.1.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 116
    4.1.5 思考题 ················································································ 118
    4.2 实验二:UDP 与TCP 的对比分析 ·············································· 118
    4.2.1 背景知识 ············································································ 118
    4.2.2 实验目的 ············································································ 120
    4.2.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 121
    4.2.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 121
    4.2.5 思考题 ················································································ 122
    4.3 实验三:TCP 的连接管理 ···························································· 123
    4.3.1 背景知识 ············································································ 123
    4.3.2 实验目的 ············································································ 125
    4.3.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 125
    4.3.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 125
    4.3.5 思考题 ················································································ 127
    4.4 实验四:TCP 序号和确认号 ························································ 127
    4.4.1 背景知识 ············································································ 127
    4.4.2 实验目的 ············································································ 128
    4.4.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 128
    4.4.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 128
    4.4.5 思考题 ················································································ 131
    第5 章 应用层协议实验 ············································································ 132
    5.1 实验一:DNS 解析实验 ······························································· 132
    5.1.1 DNS 协议简介 ··································································· 132
    5.1.2 实验目的 ············································································ 135
    5.1.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 135
    5.1.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 138
    5.1.5 思考题 ················································································ 142
    5.2 实验二:DHCP 分析 ···································································· 143
    5.2.1 DHCP 简介 ········································································· 143
    5.2.2 实验目的 ············································································ 145
    5.2.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 146
    5.2.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 148
    5.2.5 思考题 ················································································ 150
    5.3 实验三:HTTP 分析 ····································································· 151
    5.3.1 HTTP 简介 ········································································· 151
    5.3.2 实验目的 ············································································ 154
    5.3.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 154
    5.3.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 155
    5.3.5 思考题 ················································································ 157
    5.4 实验四:电子邮件协议分析 ························································ 157
    5.4.1 电子邮件协议简介 ····························································· 157
    5.4.2 实验目的 ············································································ 160
    5.4.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 160
    5.4.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 162
    5.4.5 思考题 ················································································ 165
    5.5 实验五:文件传输协议分析 ························································ 165
    5.5.1 文件传输协议简介 ····························································· 165
    5.5.2 实验目的 ············································································ 168
    5.5.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 169
    5.5.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 170
    5.5.5 思考题 ················································································ 176
    第6 章 网络安全实验 ················································································ 177
    6.1 实验一:访问控制列表 ································································ 177
    6.1.1 背景知识 ············································································ 177
    6.1.2 实验配置说明 ···································································· 178
    6.1.3 实验目的 ············································································ 180
    6.1.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 180
    6.1.5 思考题 ················································································ 185
    6.2 实验二:IPSec VPN ····································································· 185
    6.2.1 背景知识 ············································································ 185
    6.2.2 实验配置说明 ···································································· 186
    6.2.3 实验目的 ············································································ 187
    6.2.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 188
    6.2.5 思考题 ················································································ 191
    第7 章 综合实验 ························································································ 192
    7.1 实验一:协议综合分析 ································································ 192
    7.1.1 背景知识 ············································································ 192
    7.1.2 实验目的 ············································································ 193
    7.1.3 实验配置说明 ···································································· 193
    7.1.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 196
    7.1.5 思考题 ················································································ 201
    7.2 实验二:三层架构企业网络 ························································ 202
    7.2.1 背景知识 ············································································ 202
    7.2.2 实验配置说明 ···································································· 204
    7.2.3 实验目的 ············································································ 205
    7.2.4 实验步骤 ············································································ 206
    7.2.5 思考题 ················································································ 211
    附录A 实验报告规范 ················································································ 213
    附录B 思考题参考答案 ············································································· 216
    展开

    前     言

    “计算机网络”是信息技术各专业的重要基础课程之一。以Internet 为 代表的计算机网络已经发展成一个极其庞大的信息系统,涉及众多复杂的 网络协议和算法。而且这些协议和技术大多被网络采用的分层设计方法所 屏蔽和封装起来,比较抽象,不利于读者理解和学习。所以,能观察和分 析协议原理的实验是学习计算机网络必不可少的实践环节,本书编写的目 的就在于此。 本书设计的所有实验均在Cisco Packet Tracer 网络模拟系统上进行。该 软件是由Cisco 公司发布的一个网络辅助学习工具,其最大的优点是能采用 动画方式表现网络协议过程和数据封装,这对读者进一步理解网络的工作 原理和体系结构有很大的帮助。在实验内容上,本书以跟踪数据在网络中 的传输过程、捕获和分析数据传输中产生的数据包为主;在实验设计上, 本书紧扣计算机网络教学中的重点、难点,通过学生亲自动手操作实验或 者教师演示实验,使复杂抽象的网络概念、网络协议的学习和教学变得形 象生动,有助于学习者理解和掌握相关的概念和协议。 全书分为7 章,第1 章主要介绍Packet Tracer 的基本操作方法。第2~ 6 章围绕计算机网络系统中数据链路层、网络层、运输层、网络安全及应用 层的主要协议,精心设计了27 个实验。第7 章给出两个综合实验,一个涉 及垂直协议栈,其目的是让读者深入理解Internet 的工作原理和各层协议间 的协作关系;另一个涉及三层组网技术,其目的是让读者理解网络工程中 流量优化和高可靠等设计方法。与第一版相比,第二版增加了无线网络、 网络安全和三层组网等8 个新内容,并对多数实验进行了优化和调整,学 习效果更优。 在章节结构上,本书各实验均介绍和归纳了所涉及的背景知识,因此, 本书既可作为计算机网络课程的配套实验用书,也可单独作为自学教材使 用。针对每个实验,作者都亲自动手完成并反复验证,并在书中给出了详 细的实验操作步骤,确保实验内容的正确性及实验的可操作性。在每个实 验之后,还给出了相关思考题,以进一步加强读者对知识点的理解。 本书第1、6 章由赖会霞编写,第2 章由赖会霞和陈秋玲合作编写,第 3 章由叶阿勇编写,第4、5 章由张桢萍编写,第7 章由叶阿勇和赖会霞合 作编写,叶阿勇负责全书内容的选材和统稿工作,许力教授审阅了全书。 此外,本书附有各实验的配套电子文档和教学课件,读者可从华信教 育资源网下载。另外,本书所有实验用例文件均基于Cisco Packet Tracer 6.2 版本,请读者在进行实验时使用Packet Tracer 6.2 或以上版本打开用例文件。 由于作者水平所限,书中难免存在不足和疏漏之处,恳请广大读者和 同行批评指正。作者的联系电子邮箱:yay@fjnu.edu.cn。 作 者 2017 年7 月 于福建师范大学长安山 展开

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